Conservation Notes

This sub-section begins with an article, entitled, "A Short List of Endangered Philippine Animals," and there are links that lead to three pages which contain information on the Philippine Eagle, the Philippine Tamaraw and the Philippine Tarsier. There are two links to related major topics found at the lower part of the page.

*A Short List of Endangered Philippine Animals

     Philippine  animals (fauna) listed under the  Convention  on  International  Trade in  Endangered Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendix I are considered the most endangered species in the world. National and international trade is prohibited. Commercial trading of the animals is illegal. These animals can be used only for scientific purposes after all the individuals or parties involved in such undertakings have complied with national and international laws. Philippine animals listed under CITES Appendix II are considered animals which may become threatened with extinction in the future. National and international trade is strictly regulated.


Philippine Fauna - CITES Appendix I


Giant Scops Owl    

Local Name : Kuwago

Scientific Name : Mimizuku gurneyi

Class : Aves (Birds)

Order : Strigiformes

Family : Strigidae

Range : Found in Mindanao; specifically, found in Zamboanga


Palawan Peacock Pheasant or Napoleon's Peacock-Pheasant

Local Name : _______________

Scientific Name : Polyplectron emphanum

Class : Aves (Birds)

Order : Galliformes

Family : Phasianidae

Range : Found only in Palawan


Philippine Cockatoo

Local Name : Kalangay, abucay, katala

Scientific Name : Cacatua haematuropygia

Class : Aves (Birds)

Order : Psittaciformes

Family : Cacatuidae

Range : Known to have occurred in Luzon, the Visayas (Bohol, Cebu, Guimaras, Leyte, Marinduque, Masbate, Negros, Panay, Samar) and Mindanao, but believed to have become extinct

Philippine Eagle
Philippine Eagle

Philippine Eagle or Great Philippine Eagle or Monkey-Eating Eagle

Local Name : Haring ibon, tipule, manaol, maboogook, agila

Scientific Name : Pithecophaga jefferyi

Class : Aves (Birds)

Order : Falconiformes

Family : Accipitridae

Range : Found in the Sierra Madre mountains in Luzon; found in Leyte, Samar and Mindanao


Calamian Deer or Calamian Hog Deer

Local Name : Usa

Scientific Name : Axis calamianensis

Class : Mammalia (Mammals)

Order : Artiodactyla

Family : Cervidae

Range : Found only in Palawan


Dugong or Sea Cow

Local Name : Dugong, duyong, baboy dagat

Scientific Name : Dugong dugon

Class : Mammalia (Mammals)

Order : Sirenia

Family : Dugongidae

Range : Found in the waters of the Pacific Ocean; found and recorded to have been sighted in Batanes, Camarines Norte, Catanduanes, Manila, Mindoro; found also in Cebu, Panay Island, Tacloban, Sulu and Zamboanga


Tamaraw or Tamarao

Local Name : Tamaraw, timaraw

Scientific Name : Bubalus mindorensis

Class : Mammalia (Mammals)

Order : Artiodactyla

Family : Bovidae

Range : Found only in Mindoro


Hawksbill Turtle

Local Name : Pawikan, karahan, sisikan, payukan

Scientific Name : Eretmochelys imbricata

Class : Reptilia (Reptiles)

Order : Testudinata

Family : Cheloniidae

Range : Found in Luzon (Albay, Batanes, Cagayan, Isabela, La Union, Quezon, Sorsogon, Zambales), the Visayas (Antique, Cebu, Iloilo, Leyte, Negros Occidental, Negros Oriental, Occidental Mindoro, Samar) and Mindanao (Agusan del Norte, Davao Oriental, Misamis Occidental, Misamis Oriental and Surigao del Sur)


Leatherback Turtle or Leathery Turtle

Local Name : Pawikan, binalimbing, manahanga, kulod, ratong

Scientific Name : Dermochelys coriacea

Class : Reptilia (Reptiles)

Order : Testudinata

Family : Dermochelyidae

Range : Recorded to have occurred in the Visayas (Marinduque, Negros Oriental, Romblon and Southern Leyte) and Mindanao (Agusan del Norte and Zamboanga del Norte)


Olive-Ridley Turtle

Local Name : Pawikan, mukoy

Scientific Name : Lepidochelys olivacea

Class : Reptilia (Reptiles)

Order : Testudinata

Family : Cheloniidae

Range : Recorded to have occurred in Luzon (Albay, Batanes, Catanduanes, Isabela, Pangasinan and Zambales), the Visayas (Bohol, Cebu, Eastern Samar, Leyte,  Negros Occidental, Negros Oriental and Oriental Mindoro) and Mindanao (Davao Oriental, Misamis Occidental, Misamis Oriental, Palawan, South Cotabato, Zamboanga del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur)


Philippine Fauna - CITES Appendix II


Philippine Eagle Owl

Local Name : Kuwago, kwago

Scientific Name : Bubo philippensis

Class : Aves (Birds)

Order : Strigiformes

Family : Strigidae

Range : Found in Luzon, Leyte, Samar and Mindanao


Rufous Hornbill

Local Name : Kalaw

Scientific Name : Buceros hydrocorax

Class : Aves (Birds)

Order : Coraciiformes

Family : Bucerotidae

Range : Known to have occurred in Luzon, the Visayas and Mindanao


Leopard Cat

Local Name : Maral, tamaral

Scientific Name : Prionailurus bengalensis

Class : Mammalia (Mammals)

Order : Carnivora

Family : Felidae

Range : Found in Cebu, Negros, Panay and Palawan

Long-Tailed Macaque
Long-Tailed Macaque

Long-Tailed Macaque or Crab-Eating Macaque

Local Name : Matsing, tsonggo, ayung, bakes, ukay, amo

Scientific Name : Macaca fascicularis

Class : Mammalia (Mammals)

Order : Primates

Family : Cercopithecidae

Range : Found throughout the Philippines



Philippine Tarsier

Local Name : Tarsius, maomag, tagsing

Scientific Name : Tarsius syrichta

Class : Mammalia (Mammals)

Order : Primates

Family : Tarsiidae

Range : Found in the Visayas and Mindanao; specifically, found in Basilan, Biliran, Bohol, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Leyte, Misamis Occidental, Misamis Oriental, Samar, South Cotabato and Zamboanga del Norte


Important Note: The old administrative division of the country was used to define the "Range" category.


Links to Conservation Pages

Notice: For more information, see Philippines: Part I  > Geography and Natural Resources ( and Philippines: Part III  > Philippines > Philippines - Animals (





2004 Statistics on Philippine Protected Areas and Wildlife Resources, Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau, Department of Natural Resources, Philippines, 2009 Version of the Website



Photo Credit

Philippine Eagle - Photo Courtesy of the Philippine Eagle Foundation




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